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'''Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías''' (; 28 July 1954 – 5 March 2013), commonly known as '''Hugo Chavez''', was a Venezuelan people|Venezuelan politician who was List of Presidents of Venezuela|President of Venezuela from 1999 to 2013. He was also leader of the Fifth Republic Movement from its foundation in 1997 until 2007, when it merged with several other parties to form the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), which he led until 2012. Born into a working-class family in Sabaneta, Barinas, Chávez became a career military officer, and after becoming dissatisfied with the Venezuelan political system based on the Punto Fijo Pact, he founded the clandestine Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200 (MBR-200) in the early 1980s. Chávez led the MBR-200 in an unsuccessful Venezuelan coup attempts of 1992|coup d'état against the Democratic Action government of President Carlos Andrés Pérez...
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